Skip to main content

Full text of "Poland Russia and Great Britain 1941-1945"

See other formats


at a Polish Air Force station., where he was conferring military decora-
tions. General Sosnkowski confirmed the report that instructions had
been given to the Underground Forces to co-operate with the Red Army.
He said :—
*e Within the limits of loyalty to our country> we have done everything
to secure good relations with Russia, since discord among the United
Nations is the enemy's only remaining hope. Recently> in connection with
the war developments, the leaders of the Polish Underground Forces
were instructed to approach the commanders of the Red Army entering
Poland with a proposal for an understanding on the subject of co-operation
in the war against Germany 5 thus giving proof of our good-will and asserting
the Polish Republic's unquestionable rights to its own territory. The out-
come of this initiative depends on whether the Soviet Government will
respect the legal status of the Polish civilian and military authorities, who
have now revealed themselves in Poland.
" Some of you may feel bitter about the great sacrifices Poland has made
in this war. A note of pain and irresolution must creep into your hearts
and a doubt as to whether the bloodshed has been in vain. I hear a grave
mute question on your lips^ tormenting you in the face of those thousands
of graves in which sleep your comrades-in-arms who fought and died in the
belief that they were lighting and dying for all Poland, for Warsaw and
Poznan, Cracow and Gdynia^ Wilno and Lwow. We took up the fight
against Germany and have been fighting for more than four years for freedom
and for the integrity and security of our country. No one can expect us to
sacrifice our rights. The immense sufferings of mankind will nave been
in vain if this war does not result in the just punishment of the guilty and
in the triumph of freedom^ right and justice for all nations of good will.
" In these most difficult moments through which our country is passing,
wej the warriors of her liberation^ have no right to lose our faith in the
future or in our victory. We must be confident that the conscience of the
world will once more awaken. We must maintain discipline and imitate
our country^ which unquestionably will fight to the end. Together with
our Allies we shall fight until we have exhausted every possibility of serving
our country in this way5 rejecting all offers of serving any foreign interests,
or for foreign state reasons which are incompatible with Poland's rights
and independence."
Was the speech of the British Premier to be taken as an attempt by
Britain to retire from her commitments towards Poland3 and as her con-
sent to the dismemberment of Poland. Due to the methods of extermina-
tion as applied by the Soviets, this dismemberment could only mean the
death of the Polish nation. The carcase of State which would remain to
Poland would have the Russian frontier about 150 miles from Warsaw.
It would then be in a similar position to Czecho-Slovakia's after Munich.
The proposed e compensatory * acquirements of Poland's,, at the cost of
Germany.,* were to be., roughly^ a quarter of that which she was to lose to
* Eastern Poland to the 'Curzon Line' comprised of an area of 70^000 sq. miles,
while East Prussia—14,2503 Danzig 422 and Upper Silesia 3,751 sq. miles. The
Soviets laid claim to approximately one-third of Eastern Prussia, namely
Koenigsberg with its surroundings. East Prussia had a population of 2^300^000
(over 300,000 of them were Poles), in Upper Silesia—1,480,000 (800,000 were
Poles) and in Danzig—4005000 inhabitants (10 per cent. Poles).
237